Lists all of the journal entries for the day.

Fri, 3 Jul 2020

4:22 PM - Overriding DNS server changes when dhcp is enabled.

By default, /etc/resolv.conf is updated when DHCP is enabled for an interface.  This is useful for WiFi or laptops where you frequently change networks. However, it can be problematic sometimes when different DNS servers are required. 

For static IP addresses, this is not modified automatically. 

Preventing Automatic Config Changes

Methods to try:

Use a static IP address

Make /etc/resolv.conf immutable

Override the dhclient configuration

Turn off resolvconf

Static IP

Simply edit your /etc/rc.conf and replace DHCP in your ifconfig line with a static IP configuration

Immutable resolv.conf

chflags schg /etc/resolv.conf

Override the dhclient config

place the following in /etc/dhclient.conf, but change the name of the interface as appropriate.  This example uses OpenDNS with an Intel Gigabit NIC. 

interface "em0" {

    supersede domain-name-servers,;


You will need to restart the dhclient for changes to take effect. 

service dhclient restart em0

Disable resolvconf(8)

Create a file 


Place this in the file




4:23 PM - Enable Duo 2FA for SSH on MidnightBSD

Enabling two factor authentication on MidnightBSD for SSH. 

Recently, we added a security/duo port in mports. 

When setting up two factor authentication, we recommend using the login duo setup. It's much easier to get going and we noticed some segfaults with the duo pam module. 


Setup a Duo account

Install the security/duo port.  If you only want to use SSHD, you can avoid the SUID port option.  However, for testing it can be helpful

Obtain the appropriate API host, skey and ikey and add them to the /usr/local/etc/login_duo.conf file.

Fix the permissions on the login_duo.conf file so that they are 600 and owned by sshd if you are only using with SSHD. if you did choose SUID option in the mport, then own by root. 

In the /etc/ssh/sshd_config, you will need to add a line with ForceCommand /usr/local/sbin/login_duo

If you wish to protect all logins, you can leave ForceCommand line global. However, you can also choose to only protect certain users or groups. For instance, if you want to protect the wheel group for admins

Match group wheel 
        ForceCommand  /usr/local/sbin/login_duo

Duo also has instructions on setting up on FreeBSD and this works with MidnightBSD as well. 

Login Duo


Using it

When logging into ssh the first time, you'll get an activation link that you'll want to load in a browser. It will walk you through configuring your phone.  You'll probably want the duo app installed so you can do push notifications. 

After that, you'll see a menu asking if you want a push as you attempt to ssh into a box.


4:24 PM - Setup multicast dns on midnightbsd using mDNSresponder

MidnightBSD includes mDNSresponder in base. You can configure your local machine to access resources on your local network.  This can be useful to ssh into Apple Mac systems, etc.  This is sometimes called Bonjour.

To see other systems with mdns enabled on your network

Edit /etc/nsswitch.conf and add 
to hosts line.  It should read
hosts: files mdns dns

add mdnsd_enable="YES" to /etc/rc.conf

start mdnsd with service mdnsd start

To advertise services on your local machine

Add mdnsresponder_enable="YES" to /etc/rc.conf

create a new file called /etc/mdnsresponder.conf in /etc/

file contents:

# Example services file parsed by mDNSResponderPosix.
# Lines beginning with '#' are comments/ignored.
# Blank lines indicate the end of a service record specification.
# The first character of the service name can be a '#' if you escape it with
# backslash to distinguish if from a comment line.
# ie, "\#serviceName" will be registered as "#serviceName".
# Note that any line beginning with white space is considered a blank line.
# The record format is:
# . 
# Examples shown below.










4:25 PM - Migrating from bugzilla to jira

Bug reporting change: We've migrated from bugzilla to Atlassian Jira. URL hasn't changed. Note: we decided not to migrate old bugs. Most were closed or for very old releases.

Please report issues using the new jira to us. File OS bugs in MidnightBSD project (MNBSD), website bugs in WWW project and mports issues in the mports project.


4:26 PM - mport bug

We just discovered a bug with the ca_root_nss port and mport package manager. It seems that the symlink isn't generated correctly in /usr/local/openssl Manual fix for now is cd /usr/local/openssl && ln -s /usr/local/share/certs/ca-root-nss.crt cert.pem This fixes lynx